Posted in Technology

Major components of IoT – Explained

You must have heard about IoT or Internet of Things, it is the transformation process to connect your smart devices or objects to network and perform proficiently and access remotely. So, what are some major components of IoT?

Smart devices & sensors –Smart connectivity

Devices & sensors are components of device connectivity layer. The smart sensors are collecting the data continuously from the environment as well as transmit this information to next layer. The latest techniques in semiconductor technology can produce the micro smart sensors to various applications.

Some common sensors are:

  • Pressure sensors
  • Temperature sensors & thermostats
  • Light intensity detectors
  • Humidity and Moisture level
  • Proximity detection
  • RFID tags
  • Moisture sensors

How are these devices connected?

Majority of these modern smart devices & sensors can easily be connected to the low power networks such as ZigBee, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, LoRAWAN, Z-wave, and more. Each of the wireless technologies has got their pros and cons in data transfer rate, power, and efficiency.

Developments in low power, the wireless and low cost transmitting devices appear to be very promising in area of internet of things Singapore because of the long battery life or efficiency. The latest protocols such as 6LoWPAN- IPv6 are adapted by several companies to implement the energy efficient transmission for the IoT networks.

Gateway

Internet of Things Gateway manages bidirectional data traffic of different networks & protocols. One more function of the gateway is translating various network protocols as well as ensure interoperability of connected devices & sensors.